A "High Court of Love" was established in Paris on Valentine's Day in 1400 using the language of the law courts for the rituals of courtly love,. The court dealt with love contracts, betrayals, and violence against women. Judges were selected by women on the basis of a poetry reading.
The earliest surviving valentine is a fifteenth-century rondeau written by Charles, Duke of Orleans during the time the duke was being held in the Tower of London following his capture at the Battle of Agincourt, 1415. to his "valentined" wife, which commences.
Je suis desja d'amour tanné
Ma tres doulce Valentinée
(Charles d'Orléans, Rondeau VI, lines 1-2)
Valentine's Day is mentioned ruefully by Ophelia in Hamlet (1600-1601):
To-morrow is Saint Valentine's day,
All in the morning betime,
And I a maid at your window,
To be your Valentine.
Then up he rose, and donn'd his clothes,
And dupp'd the chamber-door;
Let in the maid, that out a maid
Never departed more.
(William Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act IV, Scene 5)
Valentine's Day or Saint Valentine's Day is a holiday celebrated on February 14. In the West, it is the traditional day on which lovers express their love for each other by sending Valentine's cards, presenting flowers, or offering confectionery. The holiday is named after two among the numerous Early Christian martyrs named Valentine. The day became associated with romantic love in the circle of Geoffrey Chaucer in the High Middle Ages, when the tradition of courtly love flourished.
The day is most closely associated with the mutual exchange of love notes in the form of "valentines." Modern Valentine symbols include the heart-shaped outline, doves, and the figure of the winged Cupid. Since the 19th century, handwritten notes have largely given way to mass-produced greeting cards.
The reinvention of Saint Valentine's Day in the 1840s has been traced by Leigh Eric Schmidt. As a writer in Graham's American Monthly observed in 1849, "Saint Valentine's Day... is becoming, nay it has become, a national holyday." In the United States, the first mass-produced valentines of embossed paper lace were produced and sold shortly after 1847 by Esther Howland (1828-1904) of Worcester, Massachusetts. Her father operated a large book and stationery store, but Howland took her inspiration from an English valentine she had received, so clearly the practice of sending Valentine's cards had existed in England before it became popular in North America. The English practice of sending Valentine's cards appears in Elizabeth Gaskell's Mr. Harrison's Confessions (published 1851). Since 2001, the Greeting Card Association has been giving an annual "Esther Howland Award for a Greeting Card Visionary." The U.S. Greeting Card Association estimates that approximately one billion valentines are sent each year worldwide, making the day the second largest card-sending holiday of the year behind Christmas.
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These one of a kind curtains will help transform any room into your private sanctuary! Made from a high quality silky satin polyester blend that provides an elegant look and is silky soft to the touch, perfect for any room...
This makes a perfect wedding gift, anniversary gift, valentine's gift, or special print for your loved one who has just moved. We scan REAL MAPS (no generic photoshop here!) and look for maps with color and character, between 5 and 30 years old, which means that there may be some slight blemishes, smudges or even bleed-thru...
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Sold Items Archive
Sailor's Valentine Shell Frame Lot 6346
Sailor's Valentine Shell Frame Lot 6347
Oriental Teacup and Saucer in Silk Giftbox Great for Valentines Gift
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Postcard Antique Embossed - Valentines Day Cupid Girl Cloth Dress Wings - 1913
Antique Pop up Valentine Card
ANTIQUE VALENTINE COLLECTIBLES PRICE GUIDE COLLECTORS BOOK
Postcard Antique Embossed - Valentines Day Cupid w/ Bow & Arrow Target Sent 1909
Silver Valentine Silverplate Dinner Knife Set of 6 Oneida Floral Rose Flatware
The Magazine ANTIQUES-FEB 1961-CHINESE POCELAIN,CHINOISERIE,VALENTINES,CHINTZ
Antique Valentine Card Articulated Die Cut Germany Heart Love LOT Stand Up
NEW YORK print antique"STONE HOUSE 152ND ST KINGSBRIDGE RD"VALENTINES MANUAL1864
1850/60 ANTIQUE PAPER LACE VALENTINE DAY GREETING CARD HANDMADE VICTORIAN nice
NEW YORK ORIGINAL ANTIQUE print,"FLY MARKET. MAIDEN LANE" -VALENTINES MANUAL1857
NEW YORK ANTIQUE PRINT; VIEW NEW YORK, LOWER MARKET 1746 -VALENTINES MANUAL1858
NEW YORK ANTIQUE print, STATUE OF WASHINGTON UNION SQUARE -VALENTINES MANUAL1857
Antique Victorian Die-Cut Chromo Valentine Frame
Prohibition Whiskey Prescription Old Valentine's Day Doctor's Stub Illinois Bar
ANTIQUE 1900'S VALENTINE POSTCARD LITTLE GIRL AND BOY HOLD HANDS IN THE STREET
Rare - Antique Photograph Putnam Valentine Circa 1912 Framed Art San Francisco
1853 MAP CITY OF NEW YORK,FACSIMILE,FROM- D T VALENTINES HISTORY OF CITY
1852 LARGE MAP CITY OF NEW YORK,GEO HAYWARD; FACSIMILE FROM VALENTINES MANUAL
1763 ANTIQUE MAP NEW YORK CITY by T. MACERSCHALEKM,FINE: VALENTINES MANUAL 1850
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